By Ricardo Azziz
The sphere of androgen extra problems has complicated considerably because the unique e-book of this publication. The Androgen extra Society (AES) used to be based to compile investigators within the box. a greater realizing of the screening, development, and molecular genetics of nonclassic adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) has more advantageous the medical care and diagnostic accuracy of those sufferers. New standards for the analysis of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been proposed in Rotterdam, standards that experience ended in controversy and, confidently, initiation of latest reports. The organization of insulin resistance with PCOS has been bolstered, and the position of metformin in tre- ing the infertility of the PCOS has been confirmed. dangers for diabetes and, extra cont- versially, heart problems in ladies with PCOS have acquired large research. Our figuring out of the epidemiology and fiscal effect of those problems has multiplied, emphasizing their severe significance. those are yet a couple of highlights of ways the terrain has replaced in a comparatively short time period. in accordance with those advances, the identify of this ebook has been revised to mirror the turning out to be value of PCOS because the such a lot familiar androgen extra affliction in ladies, and arguably, because the person who may have the main critical hostile results for common future health. There are fewer chapters to supply a extra targeted elucidation of the world. numerous chapters have been penned by way of new (and younger) authors who're engaging in state-of-the-art learn within the box.
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1. Cholesterol is the precursor for all steroid hormones. The human adrenal and ovary can synthesize cholesterol de novo from acetate, but most cholesterol is provided by plasma low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) derived from dietary cholesterol. The presence of adequate LDL suppresses 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, the rate-limiting step in cholesterol synthesis. HMG-CoA reductase, as well as LDL receptor number and uptake of LDL cholesterol, are stimulated by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in the adrenal and by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) in the ovary.
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Androgen Excess Disorders in Women (Contemporary Endocrinology) by Ricardo Azziz