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Download e-book for kindle: Alexander A Friedmann: The Man who Made the Universe Expand by Eduard A. Tropp, Viktor Ya. Frenkel, Artur D. Chernin

By Eduard A. Tropp, Viktor Ya. Frenkel, Artur D. Chernin

ISBN-10: 0521384702

ISBN-13: 9780521384704

Our universe should be defined mathematically via an easy version constructed in 1922 at Petrograd (St. Petersburg) via Alexander Friedmann (1888-1925). with no the good thing about observational proof, Friedmann anticipated that the full universe may extend and evolve with time. This striking prediction was once proven seven years later via Edwin Hubble. Its originator, regrettably didn't reside to take pleasure in this triumph. This vibrant biography of an exceptional scientist units his lifestyles and paintings opposed to a large backdrop of the background of cosmological stories and its significant gamers, resembling Einstein and others. The e-book is a window on Friedmann's tuition and collage years, army provider, and educating and learn in the course of a seminal interval of Soviet historical past. The authors comprise targeted archival fabric, corresponding to Friedmann's letters from the Russian entrance, in addition to modern files and recollections of associates. there's a special therapy of his paintings in theoretical cosmology (1922-1924), set within the context of the association of Soviet technological know-how on the time.

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Additional info for Alexander A Friedmann: The Man who Made the Universe Expand

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This house is undoubtedly 32 Palace Embankment, where A. I. Friedmann, a doctor's assistant in the Court's Medical Unit, was living. Friedmann's involvement in the work of the leading body in the Social-Democratic Organization of secondary school students (which had its editorial board publishing a handwritten Voice of Secondary Educational Establishments and was intending to issue the Newsletter of the Students' Organization) allowed us to suggest that the resolutions of the meetings of senior school students of the 2nd Gymnasium were drawn up with most active participation of its two students Friedmann and Tamarkin.

And it was at the meeting of students of the 2nd Gymnasium that it was proposed to hold an all-city council of all the elected monitors of gymnasia and technical schools. By December 1905 the "Northern SocialDemocratic Organization of Secondary Schools" was formed, which was headed by a committee consisting of 15 people representing at first about 100 (in April, 200) students. This committee, which was soon named the Central Committee, consisted mainly of representatives of St. Petersburg secondary schools, which were divided into four districts: the Vyborg district, the Vasilievsky Island district, the City district (which included the 2nd Gymnasium, as well as other educational establishments located in the center of the city) and the Teachers' district, which was named for the District Teachers' Training School, whose students were extremely active.

We further learn that the organization's Central Committee was directly linked with the St. Petersburg committee of the RSDWP (the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party) and that it had three hectographs which printed hundreds of copies of leaflets. This is what gives "flesh and blood" to the reminiscences of V. I. Smirnov, given to one of the authors of this book, saying that on the way to the sessions of the mathematical circle Friedmann often called into an apartment house where people working at the Imperial Court lived, to "drop" stacks of leaflets in one of the apartments.

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Alexander A Friedmann: The Man who Made the Universe Expand by Eduard A. Tropp, Viktor Ya. Frenkel, Artur D. Chernin


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