By Grant Evans
A good written account the way it all occurred and the way and why Laos was once the catalyst for the the United States Viet Nam warfare.
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Additional resources for A Short History of Laos: The Land in Between
Such movements have been seen all over the world where a modernising state extends its rule into its hinterland, or capitalism begins to disrupt traditional economies, and they have often been a response to colonialism. Usually these movements draw on traditional religious and political beliefs to assert that an ideal society is coming into being, as predicted by their prophet, that will wipe away the bad world of the present. These sentiments can be seen in the deeply mystical set of poems ‘Leup Pha Sun’ (‘To Extinguish the Brilliance of the Sun’), written sometime in the nineteenth century after the defeat of Chao Anou.
The next major shift in Siamese–Lao differentiation came with the nationalist projects launched by Chulalongkorn and by all subsequent Siamese kings and governments to promote the idea of a unified and homogenous Siamese culture, including the standardisation of a central Thai language. Something similar would only begin to happen to the Lao later, under the French. 38 Laos—PAGES 12/4/02 2:10 PM Page 39 2 LE LAOS FRANÇAIS Nationalism in Laos grew slowly over the first half of the twentieth century.
The ‘receipts from the taxes and the benefits of the sale of opium will be shared 50/50 between the French treasury and the Royal treasury’, so the agreement ran—but this was impossible to police, and in 1914 the budgetary independence of the kingdom was abolished and integrated into the overall colonial budget. A report the previous year had complained that ‘the Royal Budget, inasmuch as it exists, constitutes in effect a marvellous and convenient facade which masks inadmissible financial practices’.
A Short History of Laos: The Land in Between by Grant Evans