By Bronislaw Malinowski
Malinowski provides during this ebook his definitive assertion of the speculation of functionalism. because the crucial clue to the knowledge of human habit, primitive and civilized, he analyzes the useful precept that tradition is an exam of the basics of anthropology for the aim of making a common method to provide an explanation for the proof of tradition by means of this principle.
Originally released 1944.
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Extra resources for A Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays
The charter is the idea of the institution as entertained by its members and defined by the community. The function is the rdle of that institution within the total scheme of culture, as defined by the investigating sociologist in a primitive or developed culture. In short, if we wanted to give a description of individual existence in our own civilization or in any other, we would have to link up its activities with the social scheme of organized life, that is, with the system of institutions THEORY OF ORGANIZED BEHAVIOR 49 prevailing in that culture.
Indeed, Sigmund Freud somehow succeeded in breaking down our occidental taboo on the various "indecencies," so that anyone using psychoanalytic jargon can now discourse on any matters related to the lower part of the human body, which previously were banned not only from the drawingroom, but also from the academic aula. * G\fy conviction as to its fertility is due to the fact that tfie ^psychoanalysts are bound to search for organic drives as determinants of culture—a position which I have favored since the beginnings of my work in anthropology, and which I elaborated in my article, "Culture," in the Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences.
Peet, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, vol. 10, p. 63 (19^4); A. M. , pp. 201-209. CONCEPTS AND METHODS OF ANTHROPOLOGY 33 for instance, in so far as they are based on definite records or on archaeological evidence, give results which can be empirically verified, hence can be of scientific value. Dr. B. Laufer's study on the potter's wheel and certain contributions to the history of American culture (T. A. Joyce, A. V. Kidder, N. C. Nelson, H. J. Spindcn, L. Spier) are methodologically acceptable, though they belong to archaeology rather than to the science of living races and cultures.
A Scientific Theory of Culture and Other Essays by Bronislaw Malinowski