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By A Martinet

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But when fortis is really nothing but an attribute of civis, it would be more logical either to mark it as such, or to use the bare stem, letting its vicinity to civis indicate its relation to it. But it is certainly much easier to let the adjectives keep in all cases inflected forms that have had to be memorized any.. way. In popular French the equivalent of lnyfather says is mon pere it dit (pronounced [idi]) instead of the traditional mon pere dit; since I have to use [idi] in reference to my father's saying something when I need not specify that the speaker is my father, why shouldn't I save myself the trouble of choosing between [di] and [idi] depending on whether I expressly mention my father or not?

In other words, amalgams of a functional and one modifier, or more than one, are practically the rule there, and must have been felt by generations of linguists to be a normal feature of any self-respecting language structure.. As a matter of fact, it cannot be considered a strange quirk of Indo-European, because amalgams of functionals and modifiers are by no means absent elsewhere. It is quite clear that the signifiants of both are likely to appear in close succession in the utterance and are therefore constantly exposed to amalgamation.

This hierarchy is, no doubt, set up with a view to differences between languages, but it should be clear that, even if it were carried through, it would never account for all the varieties of linguistic structure. It is quite essential to know all the different functions that characterize a language, but it is equally important to determine for each language, what monemes are qualified to perform this or that function. No language is known to allow everyone ofits significant units to perform all of the functions it provides.

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A Functional View of Language by A Martinet

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