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A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in - download pdf or read online

By Edward Erwin

ISBN-10: 0262050501

ISBN-13: 9780262050500

More than a century has handed seeing that Sigmund Freud started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there is not any consensus approximately his legacy; in its place there's continual war of words not just approximately Freud's acceptance and position in heritage yet in regards to the right criteria to exploit in comparing his idea and therapy.

This publication develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and gives a complete overview of, and doubtless ultimate, verdict on Freud's idea and treatment. in contrast to the other assessment released up to now, it encompasses a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental proof and the right kind criteria for analyzing the evidence.

Part I considers the view that Freud's conception can be judged through specified evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common-sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues in contrast view and for the employment of criteria acceptable to causal hypotheses of either the usual and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different matters approximately criteria comparable to the necessity for experimental proof, using placebo controls, the right kind ambitions of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in studying consequence data.

The criteria constructed partly I of the e-book are utilized in half II in comparing the simplest on hand Freudian evidence.

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Extra info for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology

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P does a. The above “syllogism,” Nussbaum contends (195), is best understood as a hypothetical statement, which, he claims, is analytically true. To illustrate, Nussbaum considers the behavior of a man looking around in a ªeld: “When we explain (by reasons) that the man in the ªeld is looking for his lost watch, we construct a practical syllogism which states that he intends to ªnd his watch, that he believes that he will not ªnd it unless he looks about the ªeld, and that he therefore looks about the ªeld” (195).

In doing this we also understand one another in terms of causes: “The ªnding of sense or meaning, the articulation of object- and satisfaction-directedness, and the establishing of commonsense causal orders, are one and the same” (95). And so our natural criteria for sound interpretation, which are based on content, are at the same time, Hopkins contends, criteria for good causal explanation. Thus, the better a desire and action match in content, the better we take the former to explain the latter.

As further examples, Hopkins claims that the satisfaction condition of the hope that snow is white is that snow is white, and of the desire that snow be white is that snow is white (or be white). Finally, Hopkins claims that a logical or conceptual connection lies between a motive and its satisfaction condition: “The condition of satisfaction, realization, or whatever, of a given motive stands in a relation to that motive that is logical or conceptual. It is a norm or rule, given in language, that having a drink of water satisªes a desire to have a drink of water, or that a belief that grass is green is true if grass is green” (124, n.

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A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology by Edward Erwin

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