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Download e-book for iPad: A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise by R. J. Crampton

By R. J. Crampton

ISBN-10: 0511137397

ISBN-13: 9780511137396

ISBN-10: 0521616379

ISBN-13: 9780521616379

ISBN-10: 0521850851

ISBN-13: 9780521850858

Richard Crampton offers a basic creation to Bulgaria on the cross-roads of Christendom and Islam. This concise heritage lines the country's progress from pre-history, via its days because the middle of a robust medieval empire and 5 centuries of Ottoman rule, to the political upheavals of the 20 th century which resulted in 3 wars. It highlights 1995 to 2004, a necessary interval within which Bulgaria continued monetary meltdown, set itself heavily at the street to reform, elected its former King as leading minister, and eventually secured club in NATO and admission to the ecu Union. First version Hb (1997) 0-521-56183-3 First version Pb (1997) 0-521-56719-X

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A more sober explanation might be that the Ottoman military planners were anxious not to leave the passes through the Rhodopes in the hands of non-Muslims Ottoman rule 35 in view of the critical nature of the forthcoming campaigns; but this seems a risky strategy as the forcibly converted might be less reliable than Christians left in peace, besides which to forcibly convert relatively large areas to Islam would reduce the number of taxpayers, and this at a time when the imperial government was desperately short of revenue.

THE SECOND BULGARIAN EMPIRE, 1185– 1393 In the 1180s the Normans, who had already dislodged the Byzantines from Sicily, attacked imperial territory in Greece and along the Adriatic. In retaliation to this and other threats the imperial government was forced to increase taxation and conscription levels. It was more than many Bulgarians could bear. 2 Bulgaria’s borders during the second kingdom, 1185–1393. 23 24 A Concise History of Bulgaria landowners from near Tuˆrnovo, Petuˆr and Asen, requested an alleviation of the new burdens along with concessions for themselves.

Finally there were cases of enforced, violent conversion. There were a number of such instances in the third quarter of the seventeenth century in the Rhodope mountains. The motivation for this sudden outburst of militancy amongst the Muslims is unclear. This was a time when Islam seemed to be resurgent with the sultan’s armies soon to press forward to Vienna, and the conversions could in part be explained by the exhilaration which this resurgence bred. A more sober explanation might be that the Ottoman military planners were anxious not to leave the passes through the Rhodopes in the hands of non-Muslims Ottoman rule 35 in view of the critical nature of the forthcoming campaigns; but this seems a risky strategy as the forcibly converted might be less reliable than Christians left in peace, besides which to forcibly convert relatively large areas to Islam would reduce the number of taxpayers, and this at a time when the imperial government was desperately short of revenue.

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A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise Histories) by R. J. Crampton


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